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Eta Carinae Nebula in a 60 MEGAPIXELS mosaic

I know, I already did a picture of The Great Carina Nebula, but I never did a picture of Eta Carinae Nebula in a 60 MEGAPIXELS mosaic. You shall forgive me!

The Eta Carinae Star

The Eta Carinae is also the name of the star inside the nebula surrounding it. Whitin a mass of 100 to 150 times the mass of the Sun, this star is HUGE! It also is, probably, a binary star. What does that mean? That there is another star, in this case really smaller than the main star of the system, and also much hotter and with half the brightness. This binary system have a cloud of gas 400 times the size of our solar system, wich once was ejected by its bigger star.

The beautiful Eta Carinae Nebula

But back to the Eta Carinae Nebula! As an emission nebula, it shines mostly it the H-Alpha frequency of the electromagnetic spectrum. In other terms, the color mostly red cames from the atoms of hydrogen element, witch absorbs the UV light from the big blue and young stars of the cloud complex, to release this energy in a very specific frequency of 656.281 nm.

The Keyhole Nebula

The Keyhole Nebula and the Eta Carinae Star
The Keyhole Nebula and the Eta Carinae Star

In the center of the Eta Carinae Nebula is the Keyhole Nebula, a small, dark cloud of gas and dust with little arms brighting with fluorescing gas, in a beautiful constrast with the surrounding nebula.

The Eta Carinae 60 MEGAPIXEL mosaic

As I mentioned before, I already have a picture of this DSO. To be honest, I have at least two images, one with my old D5000 and one with my new Canon T6i.

But I wasn’t happy with the results, for two reasons. First of all, none of both images had enough SNR to bring all details I wanted. And second, this is a huge nebula, and even with my little 66mm f6 refractor, with more than 3×2 degrees of field of view, I couldn’t capture the entire greatness of the Eta Carinae Nebula.

The Optolong L-Enhance Filter

Well, a mosaic and the L-Enhance filter, from Optolong, could fix both issues within one night of imaging.

And so I did.

On May 23, in a full moon, I got some hours of open skies and managed to capture all the light I needed: 4 panels with 1 hour of exposure each.

That seems like little exposure time, but with the Optolong L-Enhance, all those blue light of the full moon didn’t get in the way and I got some nice H-Alpha data.

How to do an astrophotography mosaic?

Well, although it may seems like a challenge, it went easier than I first thought.

First of all, I used N.I.N.A. to simulate the field of view, overlay and every other aspect of the mosaic. At the end, I have noticed that with 4 panels and with a safe 35% overlay betwen each one, I could get the entire Eta Carinae Nebula with some safe space at the sides.

Once all the data was captured, I used Pixinsight, first to substract the calibration frames and than to integrate every one of the panels individualy.

With all 4 panels properly integrated, I did a Photometric Color Calibration in each of then, taking care to properly measure the background level. It really helped a lot later to assemble the mosaic.

And finally I did a Dynamic Background Extraction in each panel to make sure no gradient would interfere on the assemble of the mosaic too.

With the four panels properly integrated, calibrated and everything else, I started using a sequence of the processes StarAlign and GradientMergeMosaic. To asure a good 4 panel mosaic, first I did 2 mosaics, with 2 panels each (2×1), and than I merged these 2 mosaics to end up with a 4 panel (2×2) mosaic.

More or less:
Panel 1 + Panel 2 = Mosaic 1
Panel 3 + Panel 4 = Mosaic 2
And than:
Mosaic 1 + Mosaic 2 = Full mosaic

If you want more detail about the process, please, leave a coment here and I will make a full tutorial. And if you don’t have Pixinsight, don’t worry! I’m sure you’ll be able to use Photoshop. 🙂

The main source of my learning process is the Amy Astro’s Youtube Channel. Her channel is awesome! And she also have a pretty nice website.

The final image of the Eta Carinae 60 MEGAPIXEL mosaic

Well, this is the result of 4 hours of exposure and some days of research and editing to get a nice picture:

Eta Carinae Nebula in a 60 MEGAPIXELS mosaic
Eta Carinae Nebula in a 60 MEGAPIXELS mosaic

Sorry for the large wattermark, but recently I had some issues with copyright. I hope you understand. Any questions, just ask. Also, the file have 38,6MB in size. Open carefully.

As I mentioned on the begining of this article, this picture have 60 megapixels. It means I could make a frame with almost 1 meter aside! Nice, hugh?

It also mean that I can make a crop to show you some nice details:

Some inner details in NGC 3372
Some inner details in NGC 3372
NGC 3324 - The Gabriela Mistral Nebula
NGC 3324 – The Gabriela Mistral Nebula

EXIF:

4 panels with 1h of exposure each. For each panel:

  • 300s, ISO 1600

Setup:

  • Long Perng S400-G 66/400 F6
  • Canon T6i astromod
  • iOptron CEM25P
  • Optolong L-Enhance Clip filter

For autoguiding:

  • QHY5L-ii
  • ZWO 60-280 guider
  • PHD2

For editing:

  • Photoshop 22.4.1
  • Pixinsight 1.8.8-7

Well, I hope you liked it. Maybe I can make more mosaics in the future. 🙂

NGC 5139 – Omega Centauri

NGC 5139 – Omega Centauri, the largest globular cluster of the night sky, but only visible from the southern hemisphere. Would it be a good target to test new gear?

My new gear

In July I bough a Canon T6i and a field flattener for my Long Perng S400M-C 66mm f/6 refractor . I was so excited with my new gear that I took some pictures, did a basic processing and then totally forgot to publish it.

The gear I shooted NGC 5139 - Omega Centauri: New Canon T6i and Field Flattener
The gear I shooted NGC 5139 – Omega Centauri: New Canon T6i and Field Flattener

I choose this one as my first test by two reasons. First one, I have already taken a picture of this globular cluster with my old Nikon D5000, and it would be a good comparison.

Second, this is an easy target, but this field full of stars is a good way to measure focus and focal plane correction. Besides, there are some faint galaxies around NGC 5139 that only a good exposure could solve.

The differences are huge. My Nikon D5000 have 12.3mp, and my new Canon T6i have 24mp. Twice the number of pixels. This mean that now I’m closer from the correct arcsec/pixel ratio for my telescope, but also means that my computer strugles a lot more to pre/pos process the images.

At the same time, now I can use almost all the field of view of the image, thanks to the field flattener.

The night didn’t help

I wanted to make at least 4 hours, with frames of 180 seconds. But I knew the clouds would came fast. Then I stayed with 60s frames.

My bortle 6 skies don’t wan’t to help, and my optolong L-Pro still didn’t arrived.

The results: NGC 5139 – Omega Centauri

Oh my, I love this giant!

NGC 5139 - Omega Centauri

Setup:

EXIF:

  • 88x60s
  • ISO 1600
  • DARKS: 100
  • FLAT: 50
  • BIAS: 150
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Cat’s Paw nebula – NGC 6334

NGC 6334, the Cat’s Paw nebula is a faint emission nebula on the constellation of Scorpio.

That’s finally my last capture before I get my DSLR modified for astrophotography.

My setup for astrophotography is slowly getting the way I want!

Of course, my ideia was to shot an emission nebula hard to capture with a stock camera. If everything ends right, soon I’ll post a version of this same target, with some quite similar exposure, but with an astromoded Canon T6i. Wish me luck!

Well… the Cat’s Paw nebula is a hard target for Bortle 6 skies and a stock DSLR. Almost 3 hours of exposure and I hardly got some nebulosity. I hope it will change soon, as soon my camera come back and my Optolong L-Pro arrive.

Here it is:

Cat's Paw Nebula - NGC 6334
Cat’s Paw Nebula – NGC 6334

Setup:

EXIF:

  • 87 x 120S
  • ISO 1600

My sky is getting worse

Well, when I was using my Nikon D5000, the light pollution was a problem, of course, but not a major one. I mean, I was using ISO 400, and 120s frames apear not too gray at the time.

As soon I as put my hands on my new Canon T6i, I saw the real problem. 120s subs with 1600 ISO are enough to let the frame almost white!

Look at this:

120s ISO 1600 SUB -  Cat's Paw Nebula - NGC 6334

This is one single frame with 120s of exposure time and 1600 ISO.

Optolong L-Pro Clip Filter on the way

To fix (or at least try) this issue, I bought a Optolong L-Pro Clip Filter. I’m in Brazil, and it’s coming from China, so… just imagine how long I’ll need to wait…

But don’t worry!

Canon T6i astromod on the way

Also, I just sent my new Canon T6i to be modified for astrophotography.

As you can imagine, I can’t even sleep.

As soon as I put my hands on the canon again I’ll try to shot the Cat’s Paw once more!

See you soon!